Obesity A serious and chronic illness can have a negative effect on many body organs. People who are overweight or obese are more likely to have serious illnesses, including:
- Heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Orthopedic diseases
Causes of obesity are complex. There are many interrelated factors, such as genetics and lifestyle, and how your body uses energy.
Body mass index (BMI) Calculator
Take the first step to control your weight from the comfort of your home. Use our body mass index calculator to help you determine whether you are overweight or not. If you are overweight, or have one or more risk factors for obesity, doctors can help you. In cases of obesity, surgery may be an option.
Obesity effects on Health
Obesity has a strong negative effect on health. Each year, obesity-related conditions cost more than $ 150 billion and cause about 300,000 premature deaths in the United States. Health effects associated with obesity include, the following:
Hypertension: Additional fatty tissue in the body needs oxygen and nutrients to live, which requires blood vessels to circulate more blood to the adipose tissue. This increases the workload on the heart because more blood must be pumped through additional blood vessels. More blood rolling also means more pressure on the walls of the arteries. Increased pressure on artery walls increases arterial pressure. In addition, excess weight can increase the heart rate and reduce the body’s ability to transfer blood across vessels.
Diabetes: Obesity is the leading cause of type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes usually begins in adulthood, but it is now occurring in children. Obesity can cause insulin resistance, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. When obesity causes insulin resistance, blood sugar rises. Even moderate obesity significantly increases the risk of diabetes.
Heart Disease: atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis) often occurs 10 times more in people who are obese compared with those who do not suffer. Coronary artery disease is also more common because fatty deposits accumulate in the arteries that feed the heart. Narrowing of arteries and low blood flow to the heart can cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Blood clots can also form in the narrow arteries and cause a stroke.
Joint problems, including Osteoporosis: Obesity can affect knees and hips due to pressure exerted by joints due to extra weight. Joint replacement surgery, although usually performed on damaged joints, may not be a desirable option for an obese person because the industrial joint has a greater risk of mitigating and causing more damage.
Sleep Apnea and Respiratory problems: Sleep apnea, which causes people to stop breathing for short periods, interrupts sleeps all night and causes drowsiness during the day. It also causes loud snoring. Respiratory problems associated with obesity occur when the extra weight of the chest wall constricts the lungs and causes shortness of breath. Sleep apnea is also associated with high blood pressure.
Cancer: In women, weight gain contributes to an increased risk of a variety of cancers, such as breast, colon, gallbladder and uterine cancer. Men who are overweight have an increased risk of colon cancer and prostate cancer.
Metabolic Syndrome: The National Cholesterol Education Program identified metabolic syndrome as a complex risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome consists of six major components: abdominal obesity, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, insulin resistance with or without glucose intolerance, elevated specific blood components that indicate inflammation and the rise of certain coagulation factors. In the United States, about one-third of people who are overweight or obese suffer from metabolic syndrome.
Psychosocial Effects: In a culture in which the ideal of physical attractiveness is often very high, people with overweight or obesity suffer from defects. People who are overweight and obese are often blamed for their condition and can be considered lazy or weak-willed. It is not uncommon for overweight or obesity to result in lower income or less romantic relationship. The rejection of overweight people can lead some individuals to bias, discrimination and even agony.
Keep the Weight Off
Weight loss is difficult enough. Maintaining it presents its own challenges. Between 80 and 85 percent of those who lose a large amount of weight recovers. One theory is that people who lower their calories for weight loss also reduce their metabolic rate, making burning calories and losing weight more difficult over months. A lower metabolic rate is likely to facilitate weight loss if a more normal diet is resumed. For these reasons, we do not recommend low calorie diets and fast weight loss programs.
Instead, do not lose more than a pound or two pounds a week. Incorporating long-term lifestyle changes will increase the likelihood of successful long-term weight loss.
Working to achieve a healthy weight for your height can lower your cholesterol and blood sugar levels, lower your blood pressure, reduce stress on your bones and joints and reduce the workload on your heart. That is why it is important not only to lose weight, but also to maintain the loss of health benefits throughout life.
Maintaining excess weight requires a lot of effort and commitment like weight loss in the first place. Achieving your weight loss goals requires changes in diet, eating habits, exercise, and surgery in extreme conditions.
Weight gain or Obesity
Overweight and obesity are not identical, but they represent different points on the same weight path, from low to obese. Where you are located on this path is determined by a body mass index (BMI).
BMI is a measure of weight proportional to length. In general, BMI is an effective way to assess whether a person is overweight or obese, although there are exceptions to this rule. Some people may have body mass index (BMI) that puts them in excess weight. However, these people are not considered overweight because the muscle tissue weighs more than the fatty tissue.
According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), the body mass index (BMI) is 18.5 to 24.9, whereas BMI of over 25 is considered excessive. A person is obese if the BMI is greater than 30 and he is obese if the BMI is greater than 40.